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Today in History: New York Ratifies the Constitution

By: Mike Maharrey On this date in 1788, New York became the 11th state to ratify the Constitution. The Constitution narrowly won approval by a 30-27 vote on July 26, 1788, ...

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The First Salvo in the Ratification Debates: James Wilson’s State House Speech

By: Bob Fiedler While most people today think of the Federalist Papers as the leading defense of the Constitution’s original meaning, it was actually a speech by James Wilson that had a far ...

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New evidence on the “Power To . . . regulate . . . Commerce”

By: Rob Natelson The Constitution empowers Congress “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” Article I, §8, cl. 3. During the ...

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